Menangani tekanan sebelum berucap

oleh Dr. Supyan Hussin © 2012

Apabila anda merasa takut atau gementar untuk berucap, maka anda akan menjadi panik dan gugup. Suara anda menjadi terketar-ketar; peluh anda terpercik di dahi dan tengkuk; malah peluh juga turut keluar pada tapak tangan dan seluruh badan. Kadangkala ia boleh menjejaskan imej anda jika anda tidak tahu bagaimana  menangani tekanan ini.

Pada kebiasaannya, hadirin tidak tahu dan tidak dapat mengesan jika anda gementar ketika hendak memberi ucapan.  Malah dalam banyak situasi, hadirn tidak berminat untuk tahu samada anda takut atau berani, tetapi mereka ingin tahu apa yang anda ingin sampaiakan dalam ucapan anda. Oleh itu penceramah tidak harus menunjukkan kegugupannya sendiri.

Bagaimana membina keyakinan diri? Huraian dalam Bab 9

Penyediaan Slaid Persembahan

by Dr. Supyan Hussin © 2012

When designing your PowerPoint slides

  • use ready made templates provided by PowerPoint
  • keep it simple and short (KISS), avoid overcrowding
  • avoid long sentences but use points form; bullets are acceptable and should be used appropriately
  • if you have a long sentence, then highlight/color the key words or terms that you want your audience to focus on or to remember
  • keep ONE idea or concept or issue in ONE slide; avoid overlapping ideas or concepts in one slide
  • keep 6 lines per slide
  • keep 6-8 word per line per slide
  • keep 3 font color per slides
  • use appropriate graphics/images to illustrate you points
  • use maximum of 3 graphics per slide, if you need to
  • avoid fancy looking slides
  • be CONSITENT with your design: background, color, font, proximity
  • use special effects (animations/transitions) where appropriate, not on all slides, not all the time; use them to reveal one point after another, to emphasize certain points, to illustrates your points, to show significance
  • want more…refer to class notes Visual Principles 2010, download from SPIN

When you present the slides

  • speak from the slides, elaborate your points by referring to the points form in the slides
  • do not read everything in your slides verbally unless it’s a quotation
  • do not block the view of your audience
  • use laser pointer or cursor arrow to point to your content in the slides; avoid using finger near the screen.
  • maintain eye contact with your audience; avoid seeing the projection screen most (or all) the time; instead, look at the computer screen in front of your and not the projection screen behind you.

Watch these great videos for some tips

Read more on public speaking at

Other notes on slide design